Arkadiusz Modrzejewski

2014

Jakub Potulksi
Arkadiusz Modrzejewski
2014
Our paper is dedicated to tendencies of tribalism which appear in contemporary Europe. Wecan see them also in post-communist societies, e.g. in Poland, Czech Republic and Lithuania. Postmodernityis similar to the traditional order characterized by an ethnic mosaic and so-called fragmentarized identity. These tendencies are located in opposition to the project of homogeneous modern state nation. They are a real challenge for nation states. The question concerning relation between tribalism and European integration processes is still open. We can see positive aspects of tribalization for the realization of the idea of united Europe. It weakens the power of nation state which supports the process of building supranational structures. However, the situation is more complicated. New ethnic nationscan ultimately be guided by ethnical selfish. In this time they disintegrate nation states but in the future their disintegration activity could be directed at the European Union.
Key words: tribalism, Europe, neo-medieval Empire, postindustrial civilization

2017

Arkadiusz MODRZEJEWSKI
2017

 This paper is dedicated to Catholic and nationalist populism that has become a part of political party called Prawo i Sprawiedliwooeæ (Law and Justice), the faction which currently rules in Poland. This attitude of populism is characteristic also for its leader Jaros³aw Kaczyñski who builds his political strategy on populist slogans concerning nationalist and Catholic elements. The level of populism has permanently been growing since the origin of PiS. The great power that supports these tendencies is the Catholic hierarchy. A folk version of religion is a main face of Polish Catholicism. It is one of the sources of populism in Polish society. The Catholic Church in Poland has lost its intellectual image. Author underlines th7at populist slogans try to mobilize right-wing electorate but consequences for Polish political system, the place of Poland in Europe and international relations as well as for the future of the European Union can be dangerous.